How to treat a muscle strain?
This muscular accident is common in the sports world, but not only. After an intense or brutal physical effort, a more or less important tear of muscle fibers is created followed by a hemorrhage, which causes severe pain or strain. The treatment includes rest, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, and bandaging.
Definition and causes of muscle strain
Tearing or straining is the rupture of a large number of muscle fibers, or even one or more bundles of muscle, with bleeding at the site of the injury.
The main causes of sprains or tears are :
A too violent and too rapid contraction or a shock on a contracted muscle. A strain injury is a very common accident in sportsmen and women. The muscles most affected are those of the limbs: biceps, calves, thighs, in particular the hamstrings, at the back of the thigh, in middle and long-distance runners;
- A lack of flexibility;
- A poorly healed wound, such as a stretch or even an old tear;
- Significant muscular fatigue;
- A very violent effort;
- Excessive or insufficient training.
The pain, often assimilated to a stab wound, is sudden and violent during physical activity. And requires immediate cessation of the exercise. Very often, a muscle sprain is heard. The pain is present even at rest and leads to total functional impotence. You should see a doctor as soon as possible.
- Palpation reveals a very sharp and precise pain.
- Very often there is a hematoma;
- Then, afterward, swelling or edema.
The doctor finds that the muscle does not have the same shape, an abnormal relief, a kind of small notch.
The treatment of strain pain
This muscular failure with fiber damage requires medical advice. and importantly recovery.
- Important rest is necessary, often lasting more than 30 days;
- Physiotherapy sessions, as well as anti-inflammatory and relaxing drugs, are the main part of the treatment;
- A tight bandage or non-adhesive support can prevent the appearance of a large hematoma;
- Cold at a distance, by means of cooling sprays, if it is tolerated, can provide relief.
- Warmth and massages should be avoided.
Please note: a tear that is not properly treated can lead to other more serious injuries, including total rupture of the muscle. In addition, a hematoma present during a muscle strain can lead to infection of the hematoma, or even to poor healing and/or calcification, making the muscle fiber more fragile. This is why it is so important to treat a tear effectively.
How to avoid strains and tears?
A serious warm-up as well as stretching before and after the effort;
Progressive training by adapting your activity to your abilities;
An adapted diet and hydration.